With their fluffy coats and foxy faces, the Pomeranian is a breed adored by many. However, these small dogs have special nutritional needs that may differ from larger breeds. Because of their fast metabolism and small size, it is important to ensure their overall health and well-being that they get the right amount of food.
1. Understanding the basics of Pomeranian Spitz nutrition
Pomeranians weigh an average of 3 to 7 pounds, but despite their small stature, they are active and energetic. This means they need a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients. Their main food source should be high-quality protein, followed by healthy fats and an appropriate mix of vitamins and minerals.
2. Daily caloric intake
On average, Spitz need about 40 calories per pound of body weight. This means that a 5-pound pom may need about 200 calories per day. However, this can vary depending on activity level, age and general health.
3. Feeding puppies versus adults
- Puppies: Pomeranian puppies are incredibly active and need more calories per pound compared to adults. They may need up to 50 calories per pound. Given the small size of the stomach, it is recommended to feed them 3-4 times a day.
- Adults: An adult Spitz usually eats well with two meals a day. Spreading out food intake helps prevent the blood sugar dips that small breeds can be prone to.
4. Choosing the right food
When choosing a dog food, make sure the first ingredient listed is a high-quality protein source, such as chicken, beef or fish. Avoid foods filled with fillers, artificial colors, or offal. Although many brands offer small breed mixes, make sure the kibble size is appropriate for your Pomeranian.
5. Wet food versus dry food
Both wet and dry fodder have advantages:
- Wet feed: More hydrating and may be more palatable for picky eaters.
- Dry feed: Often more economical, can help dental health and has a longer shelf life.
Some owners choose to mix both types of food for variety and give their pom poms the best of both worlds.
6. Feeding depending on the level of activity
A Pomeranian that is more active will naturally need more calories. If your pom likes long games or frequent walks, you may need to increase his food a bit. On the other hand, less active or older Spitz may need fewer calories.
7. Weight control
It is important to maintain the ideal weight of the Pomeranian. Overweight Pomeranians can suffer from joint problems, diabetes and other health problems. Weigh your dog regularly and adjust feedings accordingly.
8. Treats and snacks
Treats are fine in moderation, but don’t forget to account for those extra calories. Choose healthy treats and consider using pieces of their regular kibble for training.
9. Monthly food expenses
The cost of feeding a Pomeranian can vary greatly depending on the quality of food you buy and where you live. On average, you can spend $30-$50 per month on a high-end brand. This does not include treats, supplements or special diets.
10. Common feeding mistakes
Overfeeding and underfeeding are common problems. It is very important to measure food accurately and control the weight of your lipstick. Also, while Pomeranians can be picky eaters, avoid the temptation to feed them table scraps, as some human foods can be harmful to dogs.
Feeding your Pomeranian the right amount of nutritious food is critical to its health and longevity. Regular vet checkups, weight monitoring, and adjusting their diet based on their activity level can help your furry companion stay healthy and energetic throughout their lives.
Frequently asked questions about Pomeranian feeding
1. How many times a day should I feed my Pomeranian?
Adult Spitz usually thrive on two meals a day to keep their blood sugar levels stable. For Pomeranian puppies, due to their fast metabolism and smaller stomach size, it is recommended to feed them 3-4 times a day to support their growth and energy needs.
2. How much food should a Pomeranian puppy eat?
Pomeranian puppies are very active and need more calories for their weight. They may need up to 50 calories per pound. Considering their small stomachs, divide the daily amount of food into 3-4 smaller meals to ensure they get the nutrients they need without overeating at one meal.
3. Are there specific brands of dog food recommended for Pomeranians?
While there’s no one-size-fits-all answer, it’s best to choose a high-quality dog food that has a protein source as its main ingredient, such as chicken, beef, or fish. Many brands offer small breed formulas tailored to the nutritional needs of smaller dogs such as the Pomeranian.
4. Can I feed my Spitz with human food?
While some human foods are safe for dogs in moderation, many can be harmful or toxic. Always avoid feeding your Pomeranian chocolate, grapes, onions, garlic, caffeine and alcohol. If you want to feed people, stick to simple, lean meats and some vegetables and fruits, but always do your research or consult your vet.
5. How to deal with a picky Pomeranian?
Pomeranians can sometimes be picky eaters. If your pom is picky, consider alternating between high-quality brands, mixing wet and dry food, or adding a little low-sodium chicken broth to his pellets. However, always make sure any changes are safe and consult your vet if your dog is consistently refusing food.
6. Should I be concerned about the weight of my Spitz?
Yes, maintaining an ideal weight for your Pomeranian is critical. Overweight Pomeranians are more susceptible to various health problems, including diabetes and joint problems. Monitor their weight regularly and adjust feedings to make sure they stay within a healthy range.
7. Are treats suitable for Spitz?
Treats are okay in moderation, but it’s important to factor these extra calories into your daily intake. Choose healthier treat options or use pieces of regular training pellets to avoid overfeeding.
8. How do I know if my Pomeranian has a food allergy?
Food allergy symptoms can include itching, ear infections, skin infections, and gastrointestinal problems. If you suspect that your Pomeranian has a food allergy, consult your veterinarian. They may recommend an elimination diet to determine the cause.
9. Can I feed my Pomeranian a vegetarian or vegan diet?
dogs, including the Pomeranian, are omnivores, but they mainly eat meat. If you’re considering a vegetarian or vegan diet for your pooch, it’s important to check with your vet to make sure he’s getting all the nutrients and protein he needs.
10. How much water should my Spitz drink every day?
The Pomeranian should have constant access to fresh water. On average, dogs should drink about one ounce of water per pound of body weight each day. Always make sure your Pomeranian has a source of clean water, especially after exercise or in hot weather.